A Guide to Grant Writing For Small Businesses
From office rent to supplies and operation fees, a new business really is an investment. However, not all first-time entrepreneurs have the money their business requires. The government has several different financing options available. One of these is called a grant. A grant is a portion of money, usually awarded according to financial need, that does not need to be repaid.
A grant differs from small business loans in that loans must be paid back, typically with interest. Similarly, merchant cash advances, while another viable source of funding, are given in exchange for a set amount of the business's future sales. The downside to small business loans and merchant cash advances is that the entrepreneur ends up paying more than what they were given. A grant eliminates this factor. If a new small business is struggling financially or if the business operates within a certain field, like agriculture or nonprofit charities, a grant may be the best way to obtain funding.
The first step in applying for a grant is to determine which one is best for a specific business. Differently sized businesses and businesses that cater to certain projects, like medicine or research, will qualify for different grants. In the United States, the new business will need to register with a federal grant program before they can apply for a grant. Make sure that all required information, such as a DUNS number and an employer identification number, is included in the registration. Once the business has been registered, the next step is to write a proposal and fill out the application form.
When writing the proposal, avoid flowery language and slang. Focus on conveying information in a clear, concise way. If the proposal is too confusing or difficult to understand, it may have less of a chance of being accepted. The proposal should first address what impact the business will have on the surrounding community. Identify what the business aims to do, and make an outline of projected goals to accomplish. The proposal should also include a financial plan that details any existing funding and how it will be used.
The importance of editing cannot be understated. A misplaced period or misspelled word can mean the end of a proposal's consideration. Special attention should be paid when reviewing the content of the proposal. For example, if the proposal focuses more on the existing problems than the solution the business will provide, it may not seem like an effective strategy. A business's outline needs to be specific and provide information on every step of the plan for growth and development.
Review the proposed budget for the business, and make sure all of the accounting has been presented accurately and in a way that makes logical sense. A common mistake new entrepreneurs make is waiting until the last minute to write and submit the proposal. Aim to finish the first draft three or four days before the deadline. This will allow plenty of time for proofreading. When submitting, make sure the proposal and application adhere to all guidelines set by the grant provider. Grants may be more difficult to get than merchant cash advances or small business loans, but they can quickly put a new business on the road to success.
Types of Grants
- Types and Sources of Financing for Start-Up Businesses
- A Short Summary of Federal Grants
- New Funding Sources for Food-Related Businesses (PDF)
- Separating Myth From Fact: The Truth About Free Money and Grants (PDF)
- Sustainable Funding for Early Stage Small Businesses (PDF)
- Applying for a Grant: The General Approach
- Funding Sources and Types of Grants (PDF)
- NIH Types of Grant Programs (PDF)
- NIH Grants 101: Funding Mechanisms, Peer Review, and Strategies for Success (PDF)
- Guide to Federal Funding for Local and Regional Food Systems (PDF)
- Small-Business Grants: An Introduction (PDF)
- The Myth About Grants for Small Business
- Loans and Grants: The Programs and Where to Find Them (PDF)
- Merchant Cash Advances Can Ease the Crunch But Are Costly
- Small-Business Loans and Grants (PDF)
- How to Avoid Grant Scams
- Develop Your Budget Plan
- Grant Proposals (Give Me the Money!)
- Introduction to Grant-Writing
- How to Write a Grant Request (PDF)
- Quick Guide for Grant Applications (PDF)
- Writing a Successful Grant Proposal (PDF)
- Top 10 Things You Can Do to Write an Effective Grant Application (PDF)
- How to Write a Winning Proposal and Get Those Grants!
- Fundamental Principles of Writing a Successful Grant Proposal (PDF)
- Developing and Writing Grant Proposals
- The Anatomy and Art of Writing a Successful Grant Application: A Practical Step-by-Step Approach (PDF)
- Grant-Writing Tips and Hints
- Basic Elements of Grant-Writing (PDF)
- A Guide to Proposal Planning and Writing (PDF)
- Grant Proposal Writing: Purpose and Organization (PDF)
- Effective Grant-Writing Tips (PDF)
- How to Write Goals and Objectives for Grants
- Write a Grant: Tips From an Expert
- Grant Proposal Template (PDF)
- 10 Simple Rules for Getting Grants
- Grant-Writing Toolkit: The Needs Statement (PDF)
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